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Bubble Corals

(Euphyllidae)

Merulinidae Whip Corals

There are several species of Bubble Corals found in the Indo-Pacific area, some of which we can find here on the dive sites around Koh Lanta.

Bubble Corals can be mistaken for soft corals, however they have a hard, stony skeleton just below the surface. The 'bubbles' are known as vesicles which inflate with liquid during the day to capture sunlight for photosynthesis. During the night, the vesicles deflate and are withdrawn, and the feeding tentacles emerge.

Individuals of the same species can look slightly different, depending on the inflation of the vesicles (bubbles), and the environment in which they are found, however they are fairly easy to identify, as each of the species present at our dive sites is quite different from the others and has distinct vesicles and skeleton growth.

2 species found on this page.

Grape Coral

Plerogyra sinuosa

Grape Corals are easy to identify and are very abundant at the dive sites and reefs around Koh Lanta. This species forms small to very large colonies in both shallow, and deeper water.

Grape Coral (Plerogyra sinuosa) @ Koh Bida

Plerogyra sinuosa @ Koh Bida

During the day, Grape Coral colonies show inflated, grape-sized, bubble-like, vesicles which are almost transparent and are filled with the symbiotic algae zooxanthellae.

During the day, these vesicles are exposed to sunlight, producing oxygen and food for the coral polyps.

Hawksbill Turtle eating Grape Bubble Coral @ Koh Rok

Hawksbill Turtle's favourite food @ Koh Rok

Grape Coral vesicles are inflated or deflated depending on the amount of light available and colonies can look quite different depending on the level of inflation. At night, Grape Coral vesicles are deflated and retracted, with the feeding tentacles then extended to catch plankton.

The skeleton of Grape Coral colonies forms inverted cones of meandroid winding ribs and valleys which can be seen when the vesicles are retracted, or when part of the colony is damaged/broken.

Hammer Coral

Euphyllia ancora

Hammer Coral has puffy tubular polyps with T-shaped tips which are extended both day and night to varying lengths, but cannot be retracted, making this an easily identified coral species. The polyp tips contain zooxanthellae and vary in colour from a light cream through to orange, green and brown.

Hammer Coral (Euphyllia ancora) @ Koh Haa

Euphyllia ancora colonies @ Koh Haa

Hammer Coral polyps are arranged in meandroid rows, usually in colonies up to a meter across.

At some dive sites such as Koh Haa and Koh Rok, multiple colonies form together to cover many meters of substrate. Hammer Coral polyps can give a nasty sting if touched by humans.

Hammer Coral (Euphyllia ancora) @ Koh Haa

Euphyllia ancora @ Koh Haa

As with other bubble coral species, Hawksbill Turtles love to eat Hammer Coral polyps.

Hammer Coral (Euphyllia ancora) @ Koh Haa

Euphyllia ancora @ Koh Haa

Find Out More: Marine Life References and Further Information

Diving with Bubble Corals

Spot Bubble Corals around Koh Lanta on one of our high season dive and snorkel trips.

Join our speedboat trips to some of the best dive sites in Thailand and enjoy small groups, great personal service and short journey times on our fast boats.

Not yet a diver? Discover a whole new world with our Discover Scuba Diving introduction experience, or get your PADI with us here on Koh Lanta.

If you're already a certified diver, take your diving knowledge and skills to the next level with the PADI Advanced Open Water Diver course.

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